Periodontal Gum Care

Perfect Periodontal Care

Periodontal (gum) disease is a major cause of tooth loss in adults, and one of the most common dental problems in Australia. It’s been linked to heart disease, kidney disease, diabetes, Alzheimer’s and cancer, and can even lead to a decreased lifespan.

Our professional dentists are trained in providing quality mouth and gum care to Sydney’s surrounds and we are proud to care for the oral health of our community in every way we can. Call us today to see how we can help keep your gums healthy.   

What is Periodontal Disease?

Also referred to as gum disease, periodontal disease is an infection of the structures surrounding the teeth. It is caused by plaque, the sticky film of bacteria which is constantly forming on your teeth.

If plaque isn’t removed with regular brushing and flossing, the gums can develop inflammation called gingivitis. Untreated gingivitis can lead to loss of the bone around the teeth (periodontitis), which can cause your teeth to become loose, fall out and need replacing.

Periodontal Disease Risk Factors

Poor Oral Hygiene

Good dental care reduces the bacteria in your mouth which can cause periodontal disease.

Genetics

Current studies suggest that genetics may make you more vulnerable to developing periodontal disease. If others in your family have been diagnosed, you may be more at risk.

Crooked Teeth

These are harder to keep clean and can form hidden spots for bacteria to flourish.

Smoking or chewing tobacco

This weakens your immune system, which makes it harder for your body to fight off the bacteria in plaque. It can also weaken the effects of periodontal disease treatments.

Diabetes

People with diabetes are more susceptible to developing periodontal disease, and periodontal disease can make it harder for diabetics to regulate their blood sugar levels.

Medications

Some steroids, anti-epilepsy drugs, cancer therapy drugs, some calcium blockers, antidepressants, antihistamines, and oral contraceptives can affect oral bacteria growth in different ways. It’s a good idea to talk to your doctor about how your medication will affect you.

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Warning Signs

Because gum disease is often painless, many people don’t know they have it until it’s caused irreversible damage. However, there are some signs you can watch for to catch gum disease in its early stages. Be on the lookout for:

  • Gums that bleed easily
  • Red, swollen, tender gums
  • Gums that have pulled away from the teeth
  • Persistent bad breath or a bad taste in your mouth
  • Permanent teeth that are loose or separating
  • Changes in the way your teeth fit together when you bite

It’s possible to have periodontal gum disease without having any warning signs. The only way to know for sure is to have your dentist perform a periodontal exam to check for gum disease. 

Prevention

Luckily, gum disease is very preventable with a good oral care routine. Remember to brush your teeth at least twice a day, floss daily at least, use mouthwash and limit eating sugary foods which promote plaque growth in your mouth.

treatment

Periodontal disease is treated with an intense, professional cleaning job. Your dentist will use specialised tools to clean the pockets around your teeth and gums to help prevent the damage from spreading to the bone. They may also prescribe topical or oral antiseptics to help eliminate the infection. If the infection is severe, a gingivectomy may be performed to cut away the diseased gum tissue.

Checks for periodontal disease and oral care advice are part of your regular check-up at Ashfield Dental Centre. Book your next appointment by contacting our clinic.

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